Novel Nanowire Field-Effect Transistor Biosensor With Superb Sensitivity
University of California System: University of California, Los Angeles - UCLA
posted on 02/24/2012
There has been an increasing demand for highly sensitive bio- and chemical sensor devices. Optical and MEMS methods provide highly specific platforms; however, problems of scalability and cost have hindered their employability in real field applications. With the recent advancements in nanotechnology, integrated systems have been developed through the use of silicon nw-FETs. However, the low level of output signal in the design of these sensors limit their potential applications.
- Toxin detection, Disease diagnosis, Drug screening, Label-free biosensing (proteins, DNA, enzymes), Environmental monitoring
- Standard semiconductor processing methods
- Tunable electronic properties
Researchers at UCLA have developed a novel, highly-sensitive integrated biochemical sensor with significant detection performance. Through integrating a sensing nanowire with a nw-FET channel, a built-in signal amplification mechanism is introduced, which greatly enhances detection sensitivity. Additionally, because the technology is compatible with conventional silicon fabrication techniques, it provides a simple and low-cost solution to integrated biomedical and chemical sensors.
File Number: 22120
Researchers at UCLA have developed a highly sensitive, real-time, and label-free chemical and biomedical sensor in conventional silicon nanowire Field Effect Transistors (nw-FET), utilizing a built-in signal amplification mechanism to significantly improve detection sensitivity.
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