Job Crafting Exercise
University of Michigan
posted on 01/29/2010
Job Crafting Exercise
Job Crafting Exercise™
The Job Crafting Exercise™ (JCE™) helps you make your job more engaging and fulfilling. The JCE™ was developed and tested using cutting-edge academic research and helps you view your job in a new way — as a flexible set of building blocks rather than a fixed list of duties. Using this perspective, you create a visual plan for redesigning your job to better suit your values, strengths, and passions.
The JCE™ captures the active changes employees make to their own job designs in ways that can bring about numerous positive outcomes, including engagement, job satisfaction, resilience, and thriving. The following briefing introduces the core ideas of job crafting theory for management students by defining it, describing why it is important, summarizing key research findings, and exploring what it means for employees, managers, and organizations. Download What is Job Crafting and Why Does it Matter (132K PDF).
To request a teaching note for the Job Crafting Exercise™, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
To purchase the Job Crafting Exercise™, please select your purchase type under "License this Technology" to the right.
Standard Purchase: $34.95 plus shipping*
Academic and Non-Profit Purchase: $17.95 plus shipping*
*Shipping prices vary based on quantity and shipping location, if you have questions about shipping rates, please email email@example.com.
The Job Crafting Exercise™ (JCE™) is a workbook with a visual and creative nature that enables people to ask and answer a number of questions about their jobs in a clear, concise, and enjoyable way. Possible uses of the JCE™ include:
• Group Workshops: Organizations invite employees to complete the JCE™ in professional development workshops. See Two-Hour Workshop Outline.
• Classroom Teaching: Instructors use the JCE™ to expose students to job crafting theory and teach students how employees can and do actively redesign and reframe their own jobs, providing a complementary perspective to traditional, top-down views of job design.
• One-on-One Coaching: Coaches use the JCE™ to guide clients through the process of crafting their roles and tasks to be more meaningful and engaging
• Self-development: Individuals use the JCE™ to discover ways they can craft their jobs to be more meaningful.
- One workbook required per participant.
Supporting Research and Media Coverage
The effects of using the Job Crafting Exercise™ have been tested in a field quasi-experiment at a Fortune 500 technology company. Participating in a Job Crafting Exercise™ workshop significantly increased employees' happiness and effectiveness six weeks later, as rated by the employees' peers and managers (controlling for levels of happiness and effectiveness prior to the workshop). Additional research includes:
• Berg, J. M., Dutton, J. E., & Wrzesniewski, A. Job Crafting and Meaningful Work. In B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne & M. F. Steger (Eds.), Purpose and meaning in the workplace (pp. 81-104). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
• Berg, J. M., Grant, A. M., & Johnson, V. When callings are calling; Crafting work and leisure in pursuit of unanswered occupational callings. Organization Science, 21(5), 973-994.
• Berg, J. M., Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. Perceiving and responding to challenges in job crafting at different ranks; When proactivity requires adaptivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(2-3), 158-186.
• Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. Crafting a job; Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179-201.
• Wrzesniewski, A., LoBuglio, N., Dutton, J. E., & Berg, J. M. (2013). Job Crafting and Cultivating Positive Meaning and Identity in Work. In A. B. Bakker (Ed.), Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 281-302). London: Emerald.
• Google's Favorite Psychologist Explains How the Company Retains Top Talent. BusinessInsider.com. Goth, Aimee (includes video interview with Adam Grant, who mentions use of the Job Crafting Exercise at Google).
• Help Your Best People Do a Better Job. BusinessWeek.com. Tasler, Nick.
• Hate Your Job? Here's How to Reshape It. Time.com. Caplan, Jeremy.
• Want to be Happier at Work? Learn how from these "Job Crafters." FastCompany.com. Zax, David.
• The #1 Feature of a Meaningless Job. Psychologytoday.com. Grant, Adam.
• Don't Love Your Job? Fix the Job You're In. Entrepreneur.com. Hurst, Aaron.
The Center for Positive Organizations
The Center for Positive Organizations, based at the Ross School of Business, is a world-class research center that brings transformational research to students and leaders through articles, books, events, tools, teaching, and organizational partnerships.
Since 2002, the Center has been the hub of research on Positive Organizational Scholarship. Our domains of research are Positive Leadership, Meaning and Purpose, Ethics and Virtues, Relationships and Culture in an organizational setting.
In 2010, The Academy of Management presented the Center for Positive Organizations with the Joanne Martin Trailblazer Award for opening up a new field of inquiry in management science. In 2012, The Academy presented the Center with the Research Center Impact Award in recognition of its extensive influence on management practices.
Our mission is to inspire and enable leaders to build high-performing organizations that bring out the best in people. We are a catalyst for the creation and growth of positive organizations.
For more information about the Center and other available tools, please visit positiveorgs.bus.umich.edu
File Number: 4074
Web site: http://www.jobcrafting.org
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